Boiler installations of low and average power are widely applied to various technological processes, heat supply, systems of heating, ventilation and hot water supply of residential, public and industrial buildings and constructions, objects of industrial and agricultural construction, catering establishments, technological consumers of warmth in baths, laundries, on building sites. In agriculture of couples, developed by coppers, it is used on livestock farms for steaming of forages, and also for heating of greenhouses and drying of grain. Due to the development of the low-rendered habitable and remote regions of the North and East the importance of boiler installations of various capacities increases.
As fuel for boiler installations coals, peat, wood waste, gas and fuel oil are used. Gas and fuel oil - effective sources of thermal energy. At their application the design and configuration of boiler installations become simpler, profitability increases, costs of operation are reduced.
The boiler equipment is applied to heating of the heat carrier (most often - waters) by means of which transfer of heat to various groups of consumers is carried out. The household boiler equipment is used for heating of rather small rooms (apartments, shops, offices), and industrial - for large objects (shopping centers, production shops, residential quarters, etc.).
The boiler equipment is various coppers, torches, heat exchangers, and also block modules and chimneys.
Basis of any such system - a copper in which primary heat exchange is carried out. Energy of the burning-down fuel is transferred to the heat carrier (water, steam, nonfreezing liquid) which on the main pipes spreads further to end users where the second phase of heat exchange is carried out: thermal energy of the carrier is transferred to air of the heated rooms, bringing temperature into them to the indicators favorable for the person.