The boiler equipment
The boiler - the device consisting of a fire chamber, vaporizing surfaces for evaporation of steam consumed out of this device with pressure above atmospheric due to the warmth which is distinguished when burning fuel.
The boiler - the heatexchange device in which at the expense of a power source (fuel) the water which is under pressure above atmospheric and used as the heat carrier out of the device heats up.
The furnace device of a copper is intended for burning of fuel and transformation of its chemical energy into warmth. The brickwork envelope of a copper is a system of the fire-resistant and heat-insulating protections or designs of a copper intended for reduction of thermal losses and ensuring gas density.
Copper framework - the bearing metal design perceiving copper weight taking into account temporary and special loadings and providing the demanded relative positioning of elements of a copper.
The boiler superheater - the device for temperature increase of steam is higher than temperature of saturation corresponding to pressure in a copper. It represents system of the coils connected on an input of saturated steam to a drum of a copper and at the exit - with the camera of superheated steam.
The water economizer - the device warmed by products of combustion of fuel and intended for heating or partial evaporation of the water coming to a copper.
Airheater - the device for heating of air products of combustion of fuel before its giving in a copper fire chamber.
Copper fittings - the special devices intended for regulation of an expense of the transported substance, shutdown and inclusion of streams of gas, steam and water. In the direction the fittings are subdivided on locking, regulating, safety, control and special. The shutoff valves (gates, latches and cranes) are intended for periodic inclusion or shutdown of separate sites of pipelines. The regulating fittings (the regulating gates and valves) serve for change or maintenance in pipelines of pressure and an expense of the transported substance. The safety fittings (cargo, spring and backpressure valves) are used to automatic opening of pass if pressure exceeds admissible value, and also for prevention of the return movement of liquid or gas. The control fittings (control cranes, indexes of level, three-running cranes for manometers) are used for verification of substance in the pipeline and determination of its level. The special fittings (kondensatootvodchik and moisture oil separators) serve for removal of condensate, office of oil and other products from gas.
Font of a copper - the device for service of gas flues and a fire chamber of a copper: manholes, glyadelka, locks slag and zolovykh of bunkers, gas and air valves and gates, explosive valves, and also obduvochny devices. Manholes are intended for survey and repair of surfaces of heating, a glyadelka - for visual survey of a fire chamber and gas flues from the outer side of a copper, locks slag and the zolovykh of bunkers - for periodic removal of ashes and slag from bunkers, gas and air valves and gates - for shutdown of gas flues, regulation of draft and blasting. Explosive valves let out combustion gases at increase of pressure in a fire chamber or the gas flue of a copper, protecting them from destruction. Obduvochny devices apply to removal from surfaces of heating of ashes and slag (a vapor jet or compressed air).
Nutritious and the make-up boiler equipment - pumps, tanks, pipelines are intended for water supply in a copper or a thermal network (system of heating).
Tyagodutyevy devices - are intended for a supply in a fire chamber of a copper of the air necessary for fuel combustion, and branch from a copper of products of combustion. They from the dutyevykh of fans, air ducts, gas passages, smoke exhausters and a chimney by means of whom are provided giving of necessary amount of air in a fire chamber, the movement of products of combustion on gas flues and removal them in the atmosphere consist.
The water treatment equipment of a boiler room serves for heating and softening of feedwater and consists of the devices and adaptations providing cleaning of mechanical impurity and the salts dissolved in it the nakipeobrazuyushchikh, and also for removal of gases from it.
The Toplivopodgotovitelny equipment of the boiler room working at dust-like fuel is intended for crushing of fuel to a dust-like state; crushers, dryers, mills, feeders, fans, grabs, conveyors and pylegazoprovoda are its part.
The Toplivopodgotovitelny equipment of a black oil boiler room - includes black oil pumps, filters of rough and thin cleaning, fuel oil heaters.
The equipment of a zoloshlakoudaleniye of a boiler room is intended for removal of ashes and slag and consists of hydraulic systems and mechanical adaptations: conveyors, trolleys, bunkers, etc.
The ash-collecting boiler equipment, cyclones, grit arresters are intended for purification of combustion gases from the zolovykh of particles.
The fuel warehouse is intended for fuel storage; it is equipped with mechanisms for unloading and supply of fuel in a boiler room or in the toplivopodgotovitelny equipment.
The instrumentations and machine guns ensuring the uninterrupted and coordinated work of separate devices of boiler installation for development of necessary amount of steam set by parameter belong to devices of thermal control and automatic control (temperature, pressure).
Torch - the device for mixture of air (oxygen) with fuel for the purpose of supply of mix to an exhaust outlet and its burning here with formation of the steady front of burning (torch). Gas torches, torches of fuel oil - black oil nozzles, gaseous fuel and fuel oil - the combined oil-gas torches. When burning dust-like fuel apply coal-dust torches, gaseous fuel.