The capital boiler equipment is a copper, the furnace device, the boiler superheater, the water economizer, an airheater, a framework with ladders and scaffolds for service, a brickwork envelope, thermal isolation, a covering, fittings, a font and gas flues.
All coppers irrespective of, at what fuel they work, share on
- the one-planimetric - are calculated only on heating of the heat carrier;
- the double-circuit - are capable to serve hot water supply also.
The coppers which are one of the most important types of the boiler equipment break into groups depending on the used fuel:
- solid propellant boilers - are the most widespread type of the boiler equipment;
- boilers on gas (gas coppers) - give rather low prime cost of heat, and ecological purity of gas boiler rooms, allows to place them even in residential quarters. At the same time the gas boiler equipment has higher cost in comparison with the solid propellant;
- diesel coppers - other type of the boiler equipment intended for development of heat. Similar systems as fuel use fuel oil, it is necessary to apply diesel torches to them. Ecological purity of diesel boiler rooms is much lower, than at gas, but prime cost of heat too is quite low. Most often boiler rooms with such equipment are placed on suburbs of settlements;
- electric coppers - the most environmentally friendly way of receiving heat is carried out with use of this boiler equipment. This boiler equipment doesn't depend on any highways of supply of fuel, it is required only the electricity, but also prime cost of the developed heat is higher, than, let us assume, at gas boiler rooms and coal boiler rooms.
Boiler installation consists of the boiler unit and the service equipment.
The service boiler equipment is dutyevy fans, smoke exhausters, nutritious, make-up and circulating deposits, water treatment and pyleprigotovitelny installations, systems of a toplivoperedacha, zoloulavlivaniye and shlakozoloudaleniye, gas flues of a boiler room and chimneys. When burning liquid fuel the black oil economy treats the service equipment, when burning gaseous fuel - gas control point or gas control installation.